BENEFITS AND DAMAGES OF E-WASTES

  • An average of 429 kg of raw material is needed during manufacture of a 2.7 kg laptop computer.
  • Only 10 grams of lead makes 200000 liters of drinking water useless
  • In addition to this value, they can cause significant damage to living things and the environment due to the heavy metal-hazardous-toxic substances they contain when they are released to the environment or unless they are recycled by the correct processes.
  • From recycled metal; The energy required to make 1 ton of aluminum is only 4 percent of the energy spent for the aluminum to be extracted from the ore.
  • 1 gram of lead makes 20,000 liters of water unusable (ECCC, 2016).
  • The yield of the agricultural product that is grown in the soil exposed to cadmium at 20-40 mg / kg decreases by a rate of 80% (FFTC, 2016).
  • AEEE consists of approximately 60% iron and non-ferrous metals, 20% plastic – 5% flame retardant – and 20% glass, wood, ceramic and other materials (EPA, 2001).
  • 80 tons of toxic waste is generated when removing the featured metal from the soil, which is required to produce 800 mobile phones.
  • Sending 1 million mobile phones for recycling enables us to recover 24 kg of gold, 250 kg of silver and more than 9000 kg of copper. «The amount of gold that can be obtained from 47000 tons of personal computer waste is higher than that of 17 tons of gold ore. «The ratio of precious metals that can be obtained by the recycling of 1000 cell phone circuits is equivalent to 250 tons of silver, 24 tons of gold and 9000 tons of copper ore. « 98% of laptop computers consist of recyclable materials.
  • 41.8 million tons of AEEE has been formed worldwide (UNU, 2014) and this is estimated to reach 72 million tons in the near future. It is the fastest growing type of waste in the EU with a rate of 3-5% annual increase. (EC, 2016)
  • Mercury gas, which may be occurred with the break of fluorescent lamp, negatively affects the central nervous system and kidneys
  • The amount of gold included by aee occurred annually in the world is about 300 tons in total. This value corresponds to nearly 11% of the gold that is produced in the mines.
  • The metals to be recovered by recycling provide economical contribution by reducing the time and cost required for the processing of the mines and help to protect the environment and human health.
  • Electronic wastes constitute 5% of the waste in the world. However, 70% of the hazardous substance pollution in the soil are caused by wastes.
  • In America alone, 30 million of used computers are wasted, and in Europe, 100 million of used mobile phone are wasted every year.
  • E- waste per capita is 6-7 kg in Turkey.
  • The United States is the country that produces the most e-waste. And Turkey is in the rank of 17 in this order.
  • In 2014, approximately 41.8 million tons of e-waste was produced worldwide. This amount consists of 12.8 million tons of small equipment, 11.8 million tons of large equipment, 7.0 million tons of temperature change equipment (freezing and cooling equipment), 6.3 million tons of display and monitor, 3.0 million tons of small IT and 1.0 million tons of lamps. Worldwide e-waste production is expected to grow 49.8 million tons, at a rate of 4-5% annually, in 2018.
  • In only 2014, 6.5 million tons of global e-waste generation was implemented in national electronic recovery systems.
  • In 2014, the United States produced 11.7 million tons of e-waste. Data for 2015 and 2016 are not yet available. According to the EPA, approximately 1 million tons of e-waste was recycled in the US over 3.4 million tons produced in 2012, making the recycling rate 29 percent. The e-waste recycling rate in 2011 was 24.9 percent and 19.6 percent in 2010.
  • According to the United Nations report, only 16 percent of the total global e-waste production in 2014 was recycled by government agencies and companies commissioned by industry regulators.
  • Currently, only 15-20 percent of all e-waste is recycled.
  • According to a recent EPA report, we’ll be able to get rid of more than 416,000 mobile devices and 142,000 computers each day by recycling or throwing them into storage areas and incineration facilities.
  • The BBC Panorama program says that 20 to 50 million tons of e-waste are produced each year. This amount constitutes more than 5 percent of the municipal solid waste stream. However, in the US EPA report, e-waste represents only 2% of the solid waste stream, but this amount corresponds to 70% of the hazardous waste stored in storage areas.
  • According to EPA report, in 2007, about 26.9 million television sets, weighing 910,600 tones, were scrapped in the USA.
  • According to EPA report, in 2009, only 8 percent of mobile phones, 17 percent of TVs and 38 percent of computers were recycled.
  • In another EPA report, it is revealed that 20,000 lb. copper, 20 lbs palladium, 550 lbs of silver and 50 lbs of gold can be recovered by recycling a million mobile phones.
  • According to a study performed by the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA), an average US household spent $ 1,312 on consumer electronics in 2012. According to the survey, the average family has 24 individual consumer electronics products. CEA has estimated that global annual consumer electronics sales will exceed $ 206 billion in 2012, with the sales of smartphones and tablet computers.
  • “iSupply, being a market research company, said that about 1.56 billion customers electronics were purchased globally by consumers in 2010. The number reached 1.6 billion units next year.
  • One study found that producing a computer with its monitor consumed at least 1.5 tons of water, 48 lbs of chemicals and 530 lbs of fossil fuels.
  • When compared to waste in storage areas or incineration facilities, reuse or recycling of computers can create 296 more jobs per 10,000 tons of computer waste processed per year.
  • Recycling a million laptops can save enough energy to run 3,677 American homes a year.
  • Cell phones include precious metals such as silver and gold. Americans leave about $ 60 million worth of silver and gold annually.
  • According to the EPA, excessive amounts of lead in e-waste can cause serious damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as in human blood and kidneys if they are released into the environment.
  • Every year around 1 billion mobile phones and 300 million computers are deployed worldwide.
  • The amount of global e-waste is expected to increase by 8 percent annually.
  • About 80 percent of the e-waste produced in the US is exported to Asia with a trade flow, which causes significant debates.
  • According to researches, the energy spent for the recovery of metals is much less than the energy required to remove metals from the mines. Namely; The energy required to make 1 ton of aluminum from recycled metal is 4% of the energy that is consumed for the aluminum to be made from ore. Likewise, the energy required to recover the copper compositions is only 13% of the energy required to remove this metal from the mines, and 19% for the iron / steel. (Lyons and Tonkin, 1975). With the recycling of 1 ton of used paper, 17 trees can be saved and 1700 kilowatt hours of energy can be saved, which is the electricity energy that a family averagely uses in 1 year.

THE GOVERNING REGULATIONS

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations
  • Industrial Air Pollution Control Regulations
  • Water Pollution and Control Regulations
  • Waste Management Regulations
  • Control of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations
  • Control of Waste Batteries and Accumulators Regulations
  • Regulations on the Landfill of Wastes
  • Control of Hazardous Wastes Regulations
  • Communiqué on the Recovery of Certain Non-Hazardous Wastes
  • Communiqué on Waste Bringing Center
  • Communiqué on the Transportation of Wastes on the Road
  • Environmental law
  • Packaging Wastes Control Regulations
  • Waste Oil Control Regulations
  • Control of Vegetable Waste Oils Regulations
  • Regulations on Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents
  • Regulations on Assessment and Management of Environmental Noise
  • Environmental Audit Regulations
  • Regulations on Exhaust Gas Emission Control
  • Regulations on Control of Air Pollution Due to Heating
  • Regulations on the Control of End-of-Life Vehicles
  • Regulations on Control of End-of-Life Tires
  • Regulations on Authorization and Restriction of Evaluation of Chemicals Registration